MOTOR VEHICLES GENERAL INFORMATION
All motor vehicles and trailers in the State of Florida must be registered and/or titled. It is the responsibility of the Tax Collector, in his capacity as agent for the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles, to provide the necessary services and operations to accomplish this job. The Tax Collector works very closely with this state agency to ensure all transactions are concluded according to state statutes.
PROOF OF INSURANCE
Proof of Insurance (binder, policy or card) from a certified Florida agent or broker is required to purchase and renew a license plate in Florida. The vehicle owner must present to the Tax Collector documentation of Personal Injury Protection (PIP) in the amount of at least $10,000 combined bodily injury liability and property damage liability insurance in the amount of $10,000. Motorcycles, mobile homes and trailers are exempt from the insurance requirement.
The State of Florida has a state sales tax of 6%, which as an agent for the Florida Department of Revenue, the Tax Collector collects on transactions where applicable. Columbia County has an additional 1% local option tax on the first $5,000 for a maximum of $50. Sales tax is collected when a customer transfers title to a motor vehicle, vessel or mobile home. NOTE: If a vehicle is traded in, sales tax is collected on the difference between the price of the vehicle and the trade in.
Annual Registration fees are defined by Florida Statute and subject to change by Legislative act. Rates are based on vehicle weight and range from a base fee of $39.40 to $71.15 for standard cars and trucks. Commercial and for hire vehicle rates vary according to several factors. Please contact the Tax Collectors office for exact rate amounts and questions concerning Military personnel.
INITIAL REGISTRATION FEE
If you purchase a new or used vehicle and do not have a current license plate to transfer to this vehicle; you will be assessed a $225 Initial Registration Fee. This fee applies to private automobiles, motor homes and trucks less than 5,000 pounds. Please download the form here HSMV 82002.
In Florida, mobile homes must be titled and registered. A numbered decal, instead of a license plate, is issued for identification. State statutes require mobile home registrations to be renewed annually by December 31st. A delinquent fee is charged if the registration is not renewed by the 10th of the following month.
Registration fees are set by the Department of Motor Vehicles and are based on the length of the mobile home. The fees range from $25.10 to $85.10. Double wide and triple wide mobile homes are considered two and three separate units respectively. Each unit must have a decal. Mobile homes owners are required to display the decal in a window clearly visible from the road in front of the home.
To register a mobile home, the owner must present to the Tax Collector's office one of the following documents:
1. The current or last issued Florida Vehicle Registration Certificate for the mobile home (if lost, furnish the most current decal number or Vin number)
2. The title to the mobile home (if financed, the owner must obtain a copy from the lien holder) if the Registration Certificate is not available.
3. The title (from Florida or any other state) signed off by the previous owner if it has not been transferred into the current owner's name and the bill of sale (the Tax office will process the transfer).
Real Property (RP) Decals
All mobile homes or recreational vehicles permanently affixed to the owner's land and declared as Real Property are issued a permanent "RP" decal. Owners must obtain a DR-402 form from the Property Appraiser's office, indicating the land and mobile home titles are in the same name, before applying for the "RP" decal from the Tax Collector's Office.
"RP" decals are permanent and transferable to the new owner when the land and mobile home are sold as a unit. Cost for "RP" decals are $5.10 per unit.